Type of Mosquito Species
- Aedes Mosquito (Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus)
- Anopheles Mosquito (Anopheles maculatus, Anopheles sundaicus)
- Culex Mosquito (Culex gelidus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus)
Only female mosquitoes feed on human/animal blood while the male mosquitoes feed on flower nectar.
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Life Cycle of Mosquitoes
Aedes – Aedes eggs are resistance to desiccation up to 6 months. Eggs were laid on the edge of the waterline. Eggs are in cigar-shaped.
Culex – Eggs are laid closely together forming into a floating raft.
Anopheles – Eggs are laid separately. Anopheles eggs are rather unique because the eggs have 2 floats on the sides allowing it to float on water.
In this stage, larva has to undergo 4 stages of molting from 1st instar to 4th instar in order to be developed into pupa stage. A duration of 4 to 10 days is needed for a 1st instar larva to develop into a pupa.
In the pupal stage, it does not require feeding.
The pupal stage lasts about 1-3 days before turning into adult mosquito.
Most of the mosquitoes species are anautogenous which requires blood meal for reproduction purpose .
Difference in Morphology between the 3 species of mosquitoes:
Aedes: Black in color, white color stripes on the legs
Culex: Brown in color, spotless wings
Anopheles: Brown in color, wings with spots
just some facts...
Only the Females kill...
Only female mosquitoes feed on human/animal blood while the male mosquitoes feed on flower nectar. Females feed on blood for the protein in order for the eggs to develop.
Mosquito-borne diseases like Zika Virus and Dengue Fever are commonly known in Singapore. The vectors for these diseases are the Aedes Mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus). While Anopheles mosquito are vector for malaria and Culex mosquito is a vector for West Nile Virus, Japanese Encephalitis.
Different feeding time
Aedes mosquitoes are known to feed mostly during dusk and dawn time.
Culex mosquitoes feed throughout the night.
Anopheles mosquitoes feed between sunset and sunrise period